Switzerland: Unrefined Gold from Bisha Mining – Eritrea is stashed in Swiss Banks

On 30/08/2017, Swiss News media revealed a secret gold trade activity between Eritrea and Swiss companies. The trade which is reported of being executed from 2011 to 2013 enabled Switzerland to buy 22 tonnes of unrefined gold that costs about 400 million francs. According to the report, it is not known whether the Federal Government of Swiss was aware of the business activity or not.

yearly_purchase

Source: SFR

The report which was made available to public first by Swiss News website called  www.aargauerzeitung.ch in the early afternoon (13:12 European time) and then a TV channel,  SFR, which broadcasted a 10 minutes short documentary has expressed their concern on possible violation of human rights in the site of production and its possible implication in the business.

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There are about 32 companies actively engaged in gold trades from Switzerland. Since 2013, they have managed to raise their mining share holdings in the National Swiss National Bank of Silver and Gold Portfolio from USD 500 million to USD 1 billion in 2016.  As shown in figure below, these companies have shown a substanitial increase in their wealth shares.

mining shares SNB

Swiss Gold Trade Companies Mining Share in SNB in 2013 and 2016. (Source: click here)

If we take a closer look, the companies which suceeded in this accumulation of huge money might have benefitted from this secretive gold business activity that might allowed them to save huge money.

Eritrea is accused of forced labour by UN for Human Rights Council for using conscripted soldiers to work in Bisha mining center. In addition to low salary, the environment is not secure to safeguard the well being of the workers and the environment. Currently, Bishing Mining Company is sued by its former employee in Canada.

Swiss Banks have a long history of conducting secret business with PFDJ regime. For example, in 2015, information that was leaked about HSBC revelaed that 32 Eritrean individuals with a savings of more than USD 690 million deposited in the years between 1981 to 2006. 

ሃገረ ስዊዘርላንድ: ልዕሊ 400 ሚልዮን ፍራንክ ዝዋግኡ ዘይተጻረየ ወርቂ ቢሻ ከዚና

ወርቂ ብሻ ካብ 2011 ክሳብ 2013 ዝነበረ ግዜ ብኩባንያታት ዕደና ተዓዲጉ ናብ ስዊዘርላንድ ዝኣተወ ወርቂ ዳግማይ ተጻርዩን ተመስሪሑን ናብ መኽዘናት ባንክ ስዊዘርላንድ  ከምዝተዓቀበ ማዕከናት ዜናን መርበብ ሓበሬታን የቃልዓ ኣለዋ። እዚ ብቋንቋ ጀርመን ኣብ www.aargauerzeitung.ch ብዕለት 30/08/2017 ተጻሒፉ ዝተዘርግሐን ብመልክዕ ዶክመንታሪ ድማ ኣብ መደበር ተለቪዥን  “SRF”  ብዕለት 30/08/2017  ካብ ሰዓት 20፡55 (ብኣቋጻጽራ ኤውሮጳ) ጀሚሩ ዝተፈነወ መደብ ንምስጢራት ንግዲ መዓድናት ኤርትራ የቃልዕ ኣሎ።

ዶክመንቲ ንምርኣይ ኣብዚ ጠውቕ

እዚ ካብ 2011 ኣትሂዙ ብሕቡእ ክግበር ዝጸንሐ ንግዲ 22 ቶን (220 ኩንታል)  ዝኸውን ዋግኡ ድማ ልዕሊ 400 ሚልዮን ፍራንክ (ናይ ስዊዘርላንድ ባጤራ) ዝግመት ብዝተፈላለያ ኩባንያታት ስዊዘርላን ከምዝተዓደገን ነቲ ወርቂ ዳግማይ ብምጽራይ ድማ ብልዑል መኽሰብ ኣብ ባንክታት ስዊዝ ይኽዘን ከምዝጸንሐን ዝተዘርግሐ ሓበሬታ የመልክት።

ኣብ ዕደና ወርቂ ዝነጥፋ ኩባንያታት ስዊዝ ልዕሊ 32 ከምዘለዋ; ካብ 2013 ኣትሒዘን ድማ ልዕሊ 1 ቢልዮን ዶላር( USD 1 Billion) ዋግኡ ዝግመት ናይ ዕደና ብርክታት (mining shares) ኣብ ማዕከን ወርቅን ነሓስን  ዝኾነ ሃገራዊ ባንክ ስዊዝ ሸፊነን ከምዘለዋ Smaulgld ዝተባህለ መርበብ ኢንተርነት ይሕብር። ሃገራዊ ባንክ ስዊዝ ናይ 2013 ዕቑር ወርቅን ነሓስን ዝነበሮ 500 ሚልዮን ዶላር ዝግመት፣ ኣብ’ዚ ግዜ’ዚ ብርክታቱ ናብ ልዕሊ 1 ቢልዮን ዶላር ከደይቦ ክኢሉ ኣሎ።

mining shares SNB

ብርክታት ኩባንያታት ስዊዘርላንድ ኣብ ሃገራኤ ባንክ ስዊዝ  ናይ 2016 ብመንጽር 2013 (ምንጪ፡ Smaulgld)bisha_mining

ዝተጻረየ ወርቂ (ምንጪ ስእሊ: GOLDCORP SWITZERLAND GMBH)  

ኣብ’ዚ ሓጺር ግዜ ዘኻዕበቶ ምጣኔ ሃብቲ ኣገናዚብካ ዕደና ወርቂ ብሻ ቀንዲ ምንጪ ሃብቲ ናይ”ዘን ኣብ ሃገራዊ ባንኪ ስዊዝ ብርክታት ዝውንና ኩባንያትት ክኸውን ዘለዎ ዓቢይ ተኽእሎ ኣሎ።

ባንክታት ስዊዝ ብስቱር ምስ ህግደፍ ዝገብርኦ ንግዲ ናይ ነዊሕ ሰረት ዘለዎ  እዩ። ንኣብነት፤ ኣብ 2015 ዝወጸ ምስጢር ከምዝሕብሮ ብስም 32 ኤርትራውያን መንነቶም ዘይተፈልጠ ብስም ውልቀ ሰባት ልዕሊ 690 ሚልዮን ዶላር ኣብ HSBC ዝተባህለ ባንክ ስዊዝ  ካብ 1981 ክሳብ 2006 ዝተቐመጠ ምስጢራዊ ገንዘብ ከምዝተረኽበ ተቓሊዑ ኔሩ። ክሳብ እዚ ሰዓት እዚ ኸኣ ዝኾነ ወግዓዊ ሓላፍነት ዝወሰደ ዝሕብር ሓበሬታ የሎን።

 

 

ጥንታውያን ጣዖታት ግብጺ ከም ተራ ቃላት ኣብ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ

ነቲ ንፈልጦስ ማዕረ ክንደይ ኮን ንፈልጦ ንኸውን?

1. በዓል

በዓል ልደት

በዓል ፋሲካ

በዓል ቅዱስ ዮውሃንስ

በዓልቲ ቤተይ

በዓል ቤትካ

በዓል ናጽነት. . . ወዘተ

2. ኣቱም

ኣቱም ሰብኣይ

ኣቱም ሰብ ቀደም

ኣቱም የሕዋት/ኣሓት. . . ወዘተ.

3. ኣሜን

ጎይታ ይባረኽ – ኣሜን

ስምካ ይቀደስ – ኣሜን. . . ወዘተ.

4. መዓት

መዓት ወሪዱና

መዓት መጺኡኒ

መዓት እዮም ኔሮም. . . ወዘተ.

ነዘን ኣርባዕተ ኣብ ላዕሊ ተጠቒምናለን ዘለዋ ከም በዓል፣ ኣቱም፣ ኣሜንን መዓትን ዝብላ ቃላት ኣብ መዓልታዊ ዝርርብ ኮነ ስነ ጽሑፍ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ ብብዝሒ ካብ ንጥቅመለንን ዝውቱራትን  ከምኡ ድማ ኣዝየን ኣገደስት እየን። ኪኖ ተራ ቃላት ሓሊፈን’ውን ንፍሉይ ኣጋጣሚታትን ትሕትናዊ ኣገላልጻን የገልግላ።

ከም ሓቂ እዘን ቃላት እንክድመጻ ዝኾነ ሰማዒ ብፍሉይ ኣተኩሮ እዩ ኣቓልቦ ዝገብረለን። ንኣብነት: በዓል-ልደት ኣብ ኣመንቲ ክርስትና ፍሉይ መዓልቲ እዩ። በዓል/ቲ ቤተይ ክንብል ከለና ድማ ንኽልተ ብሓባር ዝነብሩ መጻምዲ ዘገልግል ፍሉይ መግለጺ እዩ።

ንምዃኑ ከም’ዞም ኣብ ላዕሊ ተጠቒሶም ዘለው ቅላት ክንጥቀም ከለና  በቲ ሓቅስ እንታይ ኮን ኢና ንብል ዘለና? ስም ሓያላት ጥንታውያን ኣማልኽቲ ግብጺ ንጽውዕ ከም ዘለናስ ማዕረ ክንደይ ፈሊጥናዮ ንህሉ? እዞም ሎሚ ኣብ ሓደ ኣምላኽ ንኣምን ዝብሉ ተዛረብቲ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ ቀደም ዘመን ክንደይ ኣማልኽቲ ኔሮሞም ኮን ይኾኑ? ዝብሉ ብቐሊሉ መልሲ ዘይርከበሎም ብዙሓት ሕቶታት ተደርዲሮም ይርከቡ።

ቋንቋ ትግርኛ  ኣስማት ጣኦታት ከም ተራ ቃላት ወሲዱ ክጥቀመሎም ክትርኢ; እዋእ እዚ ህዝቢ በቲ ቀደም ዘመን ኣምላኺ ጣዖታት እዩ ኔሩ ማለት ድዩ ክትብል ትግደድ። ብሓቂ ድማ ክኸውን ኣለዎ። ነዚ ሓቅነት ከልብስዎ ዝኽእሉ ብዙሓት ኣሰራት ኣለዉ። ንኣብነት፥ መንግስቲ ዝብል ቃል ከም ዝውቱር ንሓደ ዓለማዊ ስልጣን ሒዙ ንህዝቢ ዘመሓድር ኣካል የስምዕ። በቲ ሓደ ድማ መንግስቲ ኣምላኽ ዝብል ፍሉይ መጸውዒ በቲ ልዑል ናይ ልዑላን ሰማያዊ መንግስቲ ዝፍለጥ መንግስቲ የመልክት። እቲ ጸገም ዝፍጠር ነቲ ዓለማዊ መንግስቲ ናይ’ዛ ምድሪ ከኣሊ ስለዝቑጸር ኣዝዩ ክቡርን ዘይድፈርን ከም’ኡ ድማ ከም’ቲ መንግስቲ ኣምላኽ ዘለኣለማዊ ዝኾነ፣ ናይ’ዛ ምድራዊ መንግስቲ ነባሪ ይቑጸር።  ስለ’ዝኾነ ድማ ዝኾነ በዓል ስልጣን እምብረ መጠን ክብረ ልዕልና ይውሃብ። እዚ ድማ ነቶም ዓመጽቲ ገዛእቲ ዘይተኣደነ ተድላ እዩ።

ስለ’ዚ እቶም፥ ንጥቀመሎም ቃላት ብልክዕ ምስ ዘይንፈልጦም ካብ ዝህብዎ ኣገልግሎት ዘውርድዎ ዕንወት ክበዝሕ ይኽእል። ስለምንታይሲ ከይተረድኣና እቲ መሰረታዊ ትርጉሞም ብተዘዋዋሪ መንገዲ ንጥቀመሎም ክንህሉ ስለንኽእል። ስለ’ዚ መሰረታት ቋንቋ ምጽናዕ መወዳድርቲ የብሉን።

በዓል፣ ኣቱም፣ ኣሜንን መዓትን፥ እቶም ሓያላት ኣማልኽቲ ግብጻውያን

ቃላት መሰረት ናይ ሓደ ቋንቋ እዮም። መቦቆላዊ ምንጪ ናይ’ዞም መሰረት ናይ ቋንቋ ዝኾኑ ቃላት ክትፈልጥ ድማ ሰፊሕ መጽናዕትን ምርምርን ከም’ዘድሊ ክኢላታት ናይ’ዚ ዓውዲ ይሕብሩ። ሓሓንሳብ ጊና ብወዝቢ ጎፍ ዝብሉኻ ተረኽቦታት ኣይስኣኑን።

ንመጀመርታ ግዜ ኣብ መሰረታዊ መቦቆል ቋንቋ ትግርኛ ኣድህቦ ክገብር ዝደረኸኒ ጸሓፍን ፍላስፋን ኣማኑኤል ሳህለ ናብ ሓዳስ ኤርትራ ዝጸሓፋ ጽሕፍቲ አያ ዝነበረት። ወላ’ኳ ዕለቱ ብልክዕ ኣይዘክሮ ከባቢ 2005 ከም’ዝነበረ ግና ቅሩብ ይስወጠኒ። ኣብ’ታ ጥንታውያን ኣማልኽት፣ መናፍስቲ፣ ደቂ ሕድርትናን ልምድታትን ህዝቢ አምባታት መጠራን ከስከሰን ብመልክዕ ፋንታዝያዊ ቀሪባ ብጉሩም ቃላት ዝወቀበት ንኡስ ጽሕፍቲ ብዛዕባ “በዓል” እተስተማቕር ጽሕፍቲ ነበረት።

እዛ ጽሕፍቲ ኣዝያ ስለዝመሰጠትኒ ብዛዕባ ጥንታውያ ኣማልኽቲ ዘለኒ ኣፍልጦ ከዕቢ ዝሕግዙኒ ጽሑፋት ሕልፍ እናበልኩ የንብብ እየ። ንኣብነት ኣብ 2007 ዘንበብክዋ “Gods of Ancient Egypt”; ኣብ ግብጺ ብዙሓት መላእኽቲ ከምዝነበሩ ክመሃር ክኢለ።

ካብ’ዞም ብዙሓት ኣማልኽቲ፥ ኣርባዕተ ኣብ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ ከም ተራ ቃላት ዓቢይ ቦታ ሒዞም ምስ ረኸብክዎም ተገረምኩ።

ንምዃኑ እዞም ኣማልኽቲ መን እዮም?

1. በዓል – Ba’al

Baal_egyptian_godኣምላኽ ኩነታት ኣየርን ፍርያምነትን ተባሂሉ ዝፍለጥ ዝነበረ ባዓል፣ ሓደ ካብቶም ኣዝዮም ፍሉጣት ኣማልኽቲ ግብጻውያን እዩ ዝነበረ። ኣብ ገለ ክፋል ግዜ ውን ቋንቋ ሄብርው ስም ናይ ኣምላኽ – የሀወህ ጌሩ ይጥቀመሉ ኔይሩ።

በዓል ኣብ ልዕሊ ንፋሳት፣ በርቂ፣ ነጎዳ፣ ዝናብን ፍርያምነትን ፍሉይ ሓይሊ ከምዝነበሮ የእመነሉ።

Ba’al Hammon – እዚ ሎሚ ግዜ ኣብ ቋንቋ ትግርኛ ብፍሉይ ወንኻ ዝሰለበ; በዓል ሕማመይ; ኢልና እንጠቀመሉ ኣገላልጻ መሰረቱ ምስ  ኣምላኽ ጣዖት በዓል ዝተኣሳሰር ኮይኑ ትርጉሙ ድማ “ኣምላኽ ፍርያምነት” ማለት እዩ።

ሓደ ሰብ, ናይ ሕማመይ እንተኢሉ ናይ ፍርያምነተይ እዩ ዘስምዕ።

 

2. ኣቱም – Atum

Atumኣቱም ማለት እቲ ኩሉ ዝፈጥር ኣምላኽ ማለት እዩ። ኣቱም ንባዕሉ ካብ ወላ ሓደ  ከምዘይተፈጥረ ይእመነሉ። ድሕሪ ፍጥረቱ ድማ ነቶም ናይ መጀመርታ ሹን (Shu) ተፍኑትን(Tefnut) ዝበሃሉ ኣማልኽቲ ካብ ምራቑ ፈጠረ።

ኣቱም፥ ኣምላኽ ናይ ኩሎም ኣማልኽቲ ጥራሕ ዘይኮነ እንኮላይ ኣምላኽ ናይ ፈርዖናት ግብጺ ነበረ። “ወዲ ኣቱም” ዝብል ድማ ኣብ ኩሎም ሰም ነገስታት ይውሰኽ ነበረ።

መበቆል ናይ ኣቱም ድማ ትም ዝብል ቃል ግብጻውያን ኮይኑ ናይ መወዳእታ ማለት እዩ።

 

3. ኣሜን – Amen, Amun, Amkon

Amenኣሜን ርእሲ ጣዖት ቴባን  (Theban diety) ከምዝነበረ ይዝንቶ። ተበን ሓንቲ ካብ ገጠር ዓዲ ናብ ኣዝያ ሓያልን ዓባይን ከተማ ንግስነት ዝተቐየረት ነበረት። ኣሜን ድማ ንግሶም ነበረ። ኣሜን ድሕሪ ናብ ስልጣን ምምጽኡ ምስቲ ኣብቲ ግዜ ዝነበረ መልኣኾም, Ra, ስሙ ብምጥባቕ Amun-Ra ብዝብል ኣምላኽ ናይ ኩሎም መላእኽቲ ኮነ።

ትርጉሙ ድማ: “እቲ ስዉር; ምስጢራዊ ምስሊ” ማለት እዩ። እቲ ሓቀኛ መንነቱ ድማ ፈጺሙ ዘይግለጽ ተባሂሉ ይግለጽ ነበረ።

 

4. መዓት – Ma’at

Captureመዓት ስብኣዊ ምስሊ ኣምላኽ ናይ ሓቂ፣ ሚዛን፣ ስርዓት፣ ስኒት፣ ሕጊ፣ ሞራልን ፍትሕን የመልክት። ካብ ኣምላኽ ክብሃል ድማ ዝያዳ መግለጺ ባህርያት ክበሃል ይከኣል።

መዓት ንጠፈጥሮን ሕብረሰብን የመልክት ነበረ።

ብግብጻውያን መዓት ከም መግለጺ ስነ-ምግባርን ሞራላውን ዜጋታት ይጥቀምሉ ነበሩ። እዚ ድማ ሓደ ግብጻዊ ኣብ ሂወቱ ምሉእ ክኽተሎ ዝነበሮ መንገዲ የስተምህር። ንስድራ ቤት፣ ሕብረተ-ሰብ፣ ሃገር፣ ኣከባብን ኣማልኽትን ብእኽብሪ ከገልግሉ ድማ ይኹስኩስ።

መደምደምታ

ካብ’ዚ ንኡስ ጽሑፍ ክንመሃሮ ዝከኣል እንተሃልዩ ቋንቋ ትግርኛን ተዛረብቲ ቋንቋ ትግርኛን ምስ ጥንታዊ ቋንቋ ግብጺ ወይ ፈርዖናት ብዙሕ ምትእስሳር ክህልዎ ይኽእል እዩ። ከም ታሪኽ’ውን እዚ ሎሚ ህዝቢ ኤርትራን ኢትዮጵያን ዝቕመጥሉ ዘለው ኣከባቢ ምድረ ፑንቲ ተባሂሉ ክምዝፍለጥን ፈርዖናት ግብጺ ይበጽሕዎ ከምዝነበሩ ይዝንቶ።

 

Anti-Immigrants Forces in Rome: Refugees are Evicted from their Shelter while Abba Mussie Zerai is under Investigation

Europe is in refugee crisis and hate on new comers is increasingly raising radical populist movement. Some countries like UK have voted to leave EU simply because they wanted to stay away from immigrants. Hungary conducted a quota referedum that rejects EU’s plan to relocate refugees from most vulnerable countries. Germans are constantly pressuring the ruling party to change its stand on refugees. France had a populist political party that campained during the 2017 Presidential election under the motto of “French Freedom” putting its objective clear for anti-migration that could have put refugees and asylum seekers life in danger.

Italy is an exception. Italian society had a history of deeply rooted racism. In 1937, it had passed a racial law, almost like apartheid, that was implemented in its former colonies like Somalia and Eritrea. This fascist law is part and parcel of Italian life making immigrants as most hated groups. According to Statistica, about 52% of Italians feel no longer at home because of Immigration.

Being the main entrance gate for immigrants, Italy has been affected by migration influx with nationals who come from almost all over the world. Italy’s weak economic status and high unemployment rate is not enabling refugees integration easy. Instead, immigrants are constantly facing hate by those anti-immigrant movements.

anti-immigration in europe

Immigrants Reception in Italy

Though the government has no special legal restriction on migration, it is hard to say that there exists basic  humanitarian assistants that hosts immigrants and provide them shelter and food services. Instead, NGOs are highly involved in providing food and clothing.

What these immigrants face the most challenging is shelter. There is ‘NO’ housing services provided for these new comers. Each immigrant has to find his/her own means to stay some where. As a result, thousands are forced to start their life in streets a psychological shock worse than what they had gone through in their way to Europe.

Life in Rome, 2011 (Guardian)

 Very few manage to occupy empty houses. For example, there are thousands of Eritreans who are living in old and abandoned buildings in the heart of Rome. These immigrants consider as a better alternative than being exposed to harsh winter climate and die from freezing. Being women with children most vulnerable, they are among those who are frequently to live in these dangerous buildings without having any legal permit to live.

24/08/2017: Police Riot evicted  more than 800 Refugees from an occupied shelter

Mostly from Eritrea, about 800 refugees from Eritrea faced a police riot at 05:00 AM, by over 300 strong police force. These refugees were living in the building since 2013. Most are women and children. Though Italian authorities claim that these refugees rejected to be relocated in other housing provided by the state, the refugees continues to live until the police came in and evicted them by force. What happened during these two tragic days is shocking to human history.

A clash between refugees and police broke out in the square where water canons were used to crush the protest. Women and disabled women were among those who became victims.

Some people were injured during the riot. The only medical service that came to help the refugees was “Doctors with Out Borders”. It is only after these doctors came in and called for immergency help ambulances started to arrive.

What is Going On in Italy?

Italy is investing massively to stop immigrants coming into its offshores. It is cooperating with Sudanese Border Control forces to block immigrants in their departure place. And it is working with Libyan authorities to stop any boat leaving from the territory of Libya.

On February 10, 2017, the Ministry of Interior of Italy announced a five point plan on Immigration and Asylum. These include:

  1. Tough line on forced returns
  2. Extension of the administrative detention system
  3. Speeding up asylum procedures by reducing guarantees
  4. Unpaid work for asylum seekers
  5. Positive aspects: investments in integrated reception and voluntary returns, and transparency commitment

All except the last one are extremely anti-refugee announcements. Introducing unpaid work for refugees can be a violation of basic human rights. Most migrantion has a humanitarian cause. Thinking to detain, participating them in forced labour, forced returns without having a detailed understanding of the receiving country or the danger an immigrant may face are basic entities that needs close studies.

Abba Mussie Zerai Under Investigation

Abba_Mussie_ZeraiRefugees call him “The savior” and many relate him with the Biblical “Father Moses” who was called by God to save Israel from slavery and lead them out of Egypt. The tragedy of 21thC exodus has many parallels with that of Biblical Exodus. Many Africans are in almost slave like situation in their home country. They can not continue to live in miser there. Some are politically disadvantaged, and many are living in extreme poverty. To get freedom and lively free as human, these desperate Africans target a place where their dream is to live in peace and liberty. To reach this dream land, they sacrifice their life, “either reach there or die”. What they pray during this long journey is to get someone who can be on their side and lead them to the land of dream. Humanistarian Activists like Abba Mussie Zerai, are out for this imagined assistance to be available.

It is this simple link that Abba Mussie Zerai is accused of as a possible agent of human trafficking. A 2015 Noble Prize Nominee, Abba Mussie Zerai is by himself a refugee living in Swithzerland giving church services to refugees from Eritrea who follow Ge’ez Rite. Beside his Church services, he is also involved in helping immigrants who cross the Mediteranean Sea once they found themselves in distress.

But his noble service is not welcomed by those who hate refugees. For long time, many politicians and hate groups tried to criminalize his engagment in the humanitarian works. Italian prosecutors from Siscilia are investigating his case by accusing him as one who is working with smugglers. So far, they are unable to support their accusation.

The Hidden Dirty hand of Eritrean Officials

I am not naive to expect Eritrean officials to intervene in the current refugee crisis in Rome. Those who became victims of police riots are mostly from Eritrea. Under normal condition, the Embassy of Eritrea is supposed to speak out for them. Instead there is neither official statement nor any kind of material produced that raises concern of these refugees.

Instead, Eritrean authorities are cooperating with Italy to put migration impossible. Abba Mussie Zerai is the main target of Eritrean officials. A pro-Eritrean government website, tesfanews.net has written more than 20 articles for the last 8 or more years to defame and blackmail him.

what happened on July 05, 2017 to Eritrean government officials  in Rome could have some implications in the current tragedy of Eritrean refugees in Rome. It is not a secret that PFDJ is a Mafia group. It can cooperate with any group that is willing to take revenges. And these Anti-Immigration groups are more than happy to get a green light from the same mafia group that runs a whole country.

What We Can Learn? 

The world is witnessing what is happening in Italy. Refugees are not getting any assistance though they were supposed to be protected under the 1951 Refugee Convention. Those who get refugee status are finding themselves in difficult situation. Those who managed to find temporary shelter are now becoming victims of ANti-Refugees riots.

Italian authorities are coming with new annuncements that is intended to make life for refugees difficult by stripping them their legal protection. Italy is extending its anti-migration policies to Sudan and Libya by arming security that can give them unconditional power to arrest, detain and deport immigrants

Humanitarian agencies who are fighting for the rights of refugees are reaching to a stage which makes their work as a crime. And iindividuals like Abba Mussie Zerai are now under investigation by prosecutors.

Conclusion

All these moves are not sane. There is a clear pattern of anti-refugee movement going on at a state level. And it is a violation of the 1951 Refugee Convention. Unless responsible boby intervenes  and discuss with Italian authorities to take its responsibility of protecting refugees, life will not be easy. And this unstable life of refugees can bring unprecedented negative consequence. It is simply naive to expect Eritrean authorities to come and defend for the rights of citizens. In the first, they were victims and now they care less if these same victims are trapped into another tragedy.

More pictures about the tragedy

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Ambassador Hanna Simon Involved in her sister’s release, Journalist​ Ruth Simon, from detention

In an interview conducted with Voice of America(VOA Tigrigna program), Hanna Simon, Eritrean Ambassador in France, revealed her involvement in her sister’s release, Ruth Simon, from detention who was detained on April 25, 1997 for reporting what President Isaias Afewerki said in a seminar during Sudan – South Sudan war of separation.

Ruth Simon was the first journalist to be detained in Eritrea. Though the reason for her detention was not a secret in its time, Ambassador Hanna Simon stated she [her sister] had an issue with the government without giving further information.

VOA journalist, Tewelde Woldegebriel, asked Ambassador Hanna Simon why she was imprisoned and if she ever happened to intervene in her sister’s case. Without elaborating in detail(she said that she can’t say more in this interview), the Ambassador could not deny her involvement

In her words [Translated from Tigrigna],

“I don’t know why I have to be asked again and again about my sister. Yes, she was in prison, because she had some issues with the government. And it was settled and she was released. Yeah, may be, I played some role in helping her get released. But I am not here to speak about it. It’s a closed case. Why is she not working as a journalist, you have to ask her. May be she doesn’t like the profession. At this time she has another job and she is living happily with her family. Even she visited [me] two or three times since my arrival in Paris” 

When she was asked about other journalists who are still in prison, she said that she works in diplomacy and she has nothing to do about those in jail.

This is a bizarre response recalling what she did in regard to her involvement in her sister’s case. 

Ruth Simon was a free correspondent for the news agency Agence France-Presse (AFP) at the time of her detention on April 25, 1997. She is the first detained journalist in Eritrea after independence. There is no official information about her date of release and where she is about now.

For more information about Ruth Simon, click here

 

 

PFDJ Crimes: Families Received a call to take a deceased body after 14 years

On August 18, 2017, I have read news from www.assenna.com about the death of a former veteran Freedom Fighter who was kept in prison since 2003 by PFDJ security agent.

Assenna reported that Veteran freedom fighter and former Director General of Telecommunications; Mr. Solomon Habtom died on August 18, 2017 in the notorious Asmara prison, known as *Carchelli*. 

Families of Solomon Habtom had no prior information about their beloved son until PFDJ Security Agent called them to collect deceased body of their son. It is a heart breaking to receive a call and be ordered to take a died body without questioning what happened.

Mr. Solomon Habtom was among those few highly educated professionals who joined the armed struggle in the 1970s. He studied at the University of Addis Ababa.  Later on, he did his further studies in Sweden. 

He had two sisters and one brother who were martyred during the armed struggle for independence.

massawaHis brother, Martyr Werede habtom, is among those freedom fighters who was martyred in the 1978 war to liberate of massawa from Ethiopian occupation while driving a tank. He was burned with his tank after Derge attcked them. Today, his tank is among those three tanks erected as a monument to tell the story of sacrifice paid to liberate Massawa. 

In 2003, he was arrested by PFDJ Security Agents and since then he was not brought to court. No one knows what his crimes was.

His families had no contact with him and did not know where he was kept. 

*Carchelli* is one of the most secretive and notorious prison centers found in the heart of Asmara. Though almost every Eritrean has heard about its existence, almost no one knows about its exact location. It is a place where most Eritrean political prisoners are tortured inhumanely on daily bases.